Federal Programs

Title 1 Program

     Title I, the cornerstone of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, is the largest federal education program. It is intended to help ensure that all children have the opportunity to obtain a high quality education and reach proficiency on challenging state academic standards and assessments. Many of the major requirements in No Child Left Behind are outlined in Title I - Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP), teacher and paraprofessional requirements, accountability, sanctions for schools designated for improvement, standards and assessments, annual state report cards, professional development, and parent involvement.

    Title I, began with the passage of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, provides federal funding for schools to help students who are behind academically or at risk of falling behind. Services can include: hiring teachers to reduce class size, tutoring, computer labs, parental involvement activities, professional development, purchase of materials and supplies, pre-kindergarten programs, and hiring teacher assistants or others.

    About half the schools in North Carolina receive Title I funding as do all 115 of the state's school districts. Funding supports Title I Schoolwide Programs and Targeted Assistance Schools, depending on the level of poverty in the school and how the school wants to function. Schoolwide Programs are in schools that have at least 40 percent of their children on free or reduced-price lunch and go through a one-year planning process. School-wide programs have flexibility in using their Title I funds, in conjunction with other funds in the school, to upgrade the operation of the entire school. Targeted Assistance Schools use Title I funds to focus on helping the students most at risk of academic failure on state assessments.

Homeless Education 

The McKinney-Vento Act (42 U.S.C. § 11431 et seq.) is a federal law that addresses the needs of children and youth experiencing homelessness. The law defines homeless to include the following temporary living situations due to hardship:

  • Living with a friend, relative or other person due to loss of housing, economic hardship or similar reason

  • Hotel or motel

  • Shelter or transitional housing

  • Car, park or other public place

  • Campground or inadequate home

  • Youth living on their own, runaway youth or youth kicked out

The McKinney-Vento Act addresses educational challenges created by homelessness and guarantees students the right to enroll, attend, and succeed in school. The law places the responsibility for guaranteeing the rights of students experiencing homelessness on states and school districts (NCHE, 2014).

The McKinney-Vento Act protects all students who do not have a fixed, regular and adequate residence, such as students living in the following situations:

  • Children and youth who are sharing the housing of other persons due to the loss of housing and/or are living in motels, hotels, trailer parks or camp grounds due to the lack of alternative adequate accommodations; are living in emergency or transitional shelters, or are abandoned in hospitals;
  • Children and youth who have a primary nighttime residence that is a public or
    private place not designed for or ordinarily used as a regular sleeping
    accommodation for human beings;
  • Children and youth who are living in cars, parks, public spaces, abandoned
    buildings, substandard housing, bus or train stations, or a similar setting; and
  • Migratory children who qualify as homeless for the purposes of meeting the above criteria.


If your children are eligible, they have the right to:

  • Receive the free, appropriate public education, to which they are entitled.
  • Be enrolled in school immediately, even lacking documents normally required for enrollment.
  • Be enrolled in school and attend classes while the school gathers needed documentation.
  • Enroll in the local school near where they are living or continue attend their school of origin (the school they attended when permanently housed or the last school enrolled) if that is your preference and is feasible.
  • Receive transportation to and from the school of origin if you request this and is feasible.
  • Receive educational services comparable to those provided to all other students, according to your child’s needs.

If you or someone you know has any of the listed situations, please contact the local liaison/Director of Federal Program Director.


For more information on the rights of the homeless to the benefits of a public education and for information about how to report a homeless situation to CVA, see our McKinney-Vento policy.

Contact Information:

Mrs. Melba Lovick
Director of Federal Programs
Email-khlovick@yahoo.com
Phone: 252-939-1958
Fax: 252-939-1242